Courage to Talk for the Next Era

Establishing the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom

Posted in ~Treaty of Nanking~ by Courage to Talk for the Next Generation on January 21, 2010

“I love East Asia”

~Seeking the true History~

This is updating from New York City.

Hello, everyone. This is ILEA. 

The Chinese response under the pressure from the great western power. ~Part 3~

The Treaty of Nanking concluded, mass of western goods float into China and broke the self-sufficiencies of rural areas. Additionally the Chinese government kept imposing heavy imposition on farmer in order to pay war reparation to the western powers. This heavy burden piled unfocused anger among the farmers and finally it led to cause the one of the biggest riot in the history known as Taiping Rebellion. Hong Xiuquan and Yang Xiuqing mobilized the populace through Christian organization and rebelled against the Chinese government.

Hong Xiuquan

Yang Xiuqing

They established the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom and had been fought the Chinese government over 14 years. The Taiping territory.  They aimed to establish a Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace based on Christianity. However, their attempts ended up in failure because of the internal division in the Taiping government and the siege warfare of the Chinese government hold their hands with western powers.

~Western Influences~

Posted in ~Treaty of Nanking~ by Courage to Talk for the Next Generation on January 17, 2010

“I love East Asia” ~Seeking the true History~

This is updating from New York City.

Hello, everyone. This is ILEA.

 The Chinese response under the pressure from the great western power. ~Part 2~

After the Treaty of Nanking, the western powers were not satisfied with it so they led to additional war against China such as the second opium war known as Arrow War and Sino-French War in order to get additional trade profits and territories. Failing of most resistances, Chinese government had to cede a huge territory, pay wartime reparation and open several new ports to the western powers. Increasing trading ports, foreign missionaries had been increased and they could do their missionary across the country.

Second Opium War

Shino-French War

Gradually, the western powers made their own influences in China. The British extended their influence over Chang-Jiang basin zone, the german did over Shandong Peninsula, the French did the Guandong Coast,the Russia did over the North East China and the US ordered China obey their “Open Door Policy”.

~Treaty of Nanking~

Posted in ~Treaty of Nanking~ by Courage to Talk for the Next Generation on January 17, 2010

“I love East Asia”

~Seeking the true History~

This is updating from New York City.

Hello, everyone. This is ILEA.

The Chinese response under the pressure from the great western power. ~Part 1~

Under the confusion of opium, 1939, Lin Zexu burned up 1180 tons of opium confiscated from foreign and chinese opium dealer. Against his order, the British parliament decided and sent fighting ships into Tianjin near Beijing. The chinese government in confusion, Daoguang Emperor ordered Quishan to replace Li zexu as an Imperial Inspector Minister to negotiate the British. 1842, the British treated the Chinese government and let them sign the treaty of Nanking. The treaty ceded the island of Hong kong and opened five ports, Canton, Xiamen, Foochou, Ningpo and Shanghai to the British. It means the Britons were allowed to trade with anyone they wished at these five ports and Hong Kong. Additionally, the British got right of consular jurisdiction,Most favored nation(MFN) treatment, tariff autonomy from the treaty. This treatment was the first unequal treaty.

Opium Smokers

Li Zexu

Li Zexu and the opium

The opium war

Treaty of Nanking


How did First Opium War and Treaty of Nanking affect the other two East Asian Countries?

Japan received this shocking news as a crisis of Japan. Lack a sense of crisis, Chinese government continued their living in the lap of luxury, while Li Zexu noticed the crisis of China and he translated many foreign historical books or geographic books into Chinese and tried to gather world information with enthusiasm. After the death of Li Zexu, his friend, Wei Yuan wrote Illustrated Treatise on the Maritime Kingdoms (海國圖志, Haiguo Tuzhì) which consisted of Western materialbased on Li Zexu research.

海國圖志, Haiguo Tuzh

This book was translated into 21 kinds of Japanese books soon. In Japan, the key personalities such as Shozan Sakuma, Shoin Yoshida and Takamori Saigo were big fan of this book. Studying of Li’s book, Japan could know the details of the Opium war and international affairs including international law. Besides his book, Japan could know the information of the world situation correctly from Dejima Dutch Trading Post located at Nagasaki Japan. With those information, Japan could prepare the imminent danger. Ironically, a book which was written in order to protect China helped Japan becoming the one of the powerful country and finally lead Japanese invasion toward China.

 

Shozan Sakuma

Shoin Yoshida

Korea

 According 河政植 Ha Jeong-Sik, the professor of the Soongsil University located at Seoul, he says different from Japan, Korea was under the tribute relationship with China and recognized China as their master country so Korean government placed much disproportionate weight on the Chinese side information so they couldn’t know the information correctly. For example, the Korean government had a misunderstand that China didn’t lose any their territory from the first Opium war. At the time, few people controlled all politics and didn’t make any effort to avoid foreign treat actively at all. The professor says one of the reason of their neglecting is that they thought Korea was poor so the western wouldn’t came to Korea because there were nothing they wanted and let their guard down. At the last he says, utilizing information is not depending on the information itself but depending on the perspectives and feeling of the person who use it.

 
Tagged with: